用virtual env后 pip安装一些个库可能会报这个

Could not fetch URL https://pypi.python.org/simple/*/: There was a problem confirming the ssl certificate: [SSL: TLSV1_ALERT_PROTOCOL_VERSION] tlsv1 alert protocol version (_ssl.c:661) - skipping

原因在于pip版本过低了,我的python2.7 用env后就是8.0,可以用下面的方法更新再重试pip install

curl https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py | python

XCode debug启动时报这个:

libMobileGestalt MobileGestaltSupport.m:153: xxx does not have sandbox access for frZQaeyWLUvLjeuEK43hmg and IS NOT appropriately entitled

libMobileGestalt MobileGestalt.c:550: no access to InverseDeviceID (see )

解决方法 Edit Scheme-> Run -> Arguments, 在Environment Variables里边添加

OS_ACTIVITY_MODE = Disable

github上的原文:sed command with -i option failing on Mac, but works on Linux

不是最佳方案,但比较好,-i''可以直接覆盖,不用创建备份。

This works with both GNU and BSD versions of sed:

sed -i'' -e 's/old_link/new_link/g' *

or with backup:

sed -i'.bak' -e 's/old_link/new_link/g' *

原文是Call a python function from jinja2, 原文中点赞数量最高的并不是完美的答案,我采用的下面的方案。

Variables can easily be created:

@app.context_processor
def example():
    return dict(myexample='This is an example')

The above can be used in a Jinja2 template with Flask like so:

{{ myexample }}

(Which outputs This is an example)

As well as full fledged functions:

@app.context_processor
def utility_processor():
    def format_price(amount, currency=u'€'):
        return u'{0:.2f}{1}'.format(amount, currency)
    return dict(format_price=format_price)

The above when used like so:

{{ format_price(0.33) }}

(Which outputs the input price with the currency symbol)

Alternatively, you can use jinja filters, baked into Flask. E.g. using decorators:

@app.template_filter('reverse')
def reverse_filter(s):
    return s[::-1]

Or, without decorators, and manually registering the function:

def reverse_filter(s):
    return s[::-1]
app.jinja_env.filters['reverse'] = reverse_filter

Filters applied with the above two methods can be used like this:

{% for x in mylist | reverse %}
{% endfor %}

来自最佳答案(推荐下面第一个):
You can either use the response.raw file object, or iterate over the response.

To use the response.raw file-like object will not, by default, decode compressed responses (with GZIP or deflate). You can force it to decompress for you anyway by setting the decode_content attribute to True (requests sets it to False to control decoding itself). You can then use shutil.copyfileobj() to have Python stream the data to a file object:

import requests
import shutil

r = requests.get(settings.STATICMAP_URL.format(**data), stream=True)
if r.status_code == 200:
    with open(path, 'wb') as f:
        r.raw.decode_content = True
        shutil.copyfileobj(r.raw, f)       

To iterate over the response use a loop; iterating like this ensures that data is decompressed by this stage:

r = requests.get(settings.STATICMAP_URL.format(**data), stream=True)
if r.status_code == 200:
    with open(path, 'wb') as f:
        for chunk in r:
            f.write(chunk)

This'll read the data in 128 byte chunks; if you feel another chunk size works better, use the Response.iter_content() method with a custom chunk size:

r = requests.get(settings.STATICMAP_URL.format(**data), stream=True)
if r.status_code == 200:
    with open(path, 'wb') as f:
        for chunk in r.iter_content(1024):
            f.write(chunk)

Note that you need to open the destination file in binary mode to ensure python doesn't try and translate newlines for you. We also set stream=True so that requests doesn't download the whole image into memory first.